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India :The COVID-19 epidemic in India has been "out of control"!

source:[Gravimetric blender]   release time:2021-04-23 09:19:53

The COVID-19 epidemic in India has been "out of control"!

This is the desperate call of the Indian media on the development of the epidemic in India since April. Under the impact of the “second wave”, India has become the “storm center” of the global epidemic. At this moment, the whole world is sweating for India.

The following are a few iconic data (statistics from the Indian health department) and events since April-

On April 5, the number of newly confirmed cases in India in a single day exceeded 100,000 for the first time since the outbreak;

On April 12, the cumulative number of confirmed cases in India surpassed Brazil, becoming the second most severely affected country in the world;

On April 15, the number of newly diagnosed cases in a single day in India exceeded 200,000 for the first time. As of the 19th, there have been more than 200,000 new cases in a single day for 5 consecutive days;

On April 19, Indian media reported that former Indian Prime Minister Singh, who had made a five-point war epidemic recommendation to Modi, was diagnosed and sent to a doctor;

On April 19, due to the surge in confirmed cases in India, British Prime Minister Johnson canceled his visit to India next week...

At the beginning of this year, the epidemic situation in India improved, and the number of new cases in a single day fell below 10,000. At the end of January, Indian Health Minister Vardan even announced that India had successfully flattened the growth curve; at the beginning of March, Vardan was more optimistic and said, “In India, we are in the final stage of the COVID-19 epidemic”. Vardan’s confidence comes from relatively stable epidemic data and India’s “stable COVID-19 vaccine supply”. At that time, although some Indian netizens complained that the health minister was too optimistic, most politicians and media believed that after a dangerous winter, India has seen the dawn of victory.

But when the spring flowers bloomed, the epidemic situation in India began to deteriorate sharply. Even under the background that many countries and regions are not optimistic about the epidemic situation in the same period, the current domestic situation in India is still very "eye-catching." The media and epidemic prevention experts attributed this to the combined effect of a series of events such as virus mutation, the lack of vaccination schedule, the general slackness of the people in epidemic prevention, and the holding of large-scale gatherings.

In the past month, India has successively held large-scale gatherings such as local elections, festival celebrations, and religious gatherings. According to Indian media reports, on April 12th, local time, more than 2 million Hindu pilgrims gathered on the banks of the Ganges to bathe in the water to celebrate the "Big Pot Festival." The local government stated that due to the large number of people, restrictive measures could not be taken at all, and most people did not wear masks. Such large-scale gathering events have created conditions for the accelerated spread of the virus.

According to reports, there are currently many mutated viruses spreading in India. In addition to the mutant virus first discovered in the United Kingdom, Brazil, South Africa and other countries, Indian researchers also found a new mutant virus in samples collected from Maharashtra. The immune escape and infectiousness of this virus Both are enhanced.

On Indian social media, there are all kinds of tragic stories about the COVID-19 epidemic-crematoriums with overloaded operations, overcrowded hospitals, requests for hospital beds, oxygen, and medicines for help, delays in waiting for test reports Suspected patient...

Reuters also questioned its official diagnosis data and death data in the latest issue of the India epidemic. According to the report, the crematorium of a crematorium in Gujarat was overloaded, and some metal parts even began to melt, and many suspected COVID-19 pneumonia deaths were cremated before testing.

In Surat, Gujarat’s second largest city, staff at the crematorium handling COVID-19 deaths said that they had cremated more than 100 bodies every day last week, but the city’s official death cases were about 25 every day.

"The consistently high number of cremations makes people suspicious of the statistics of deaths from the COVID-19 epidemic in India..." Reuters wrote.

According to "India Today" reports, in Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh, 187 bodies were cremated within 4 days in accordance with the relevant regulations of the COVID-19 epidemic, while the official death toll from COVID-19 pneumonia was 5 in the same period.

According to the report, such statistical loopholes are widespread in India, because most of the deceased have no medical certificate on the exact cause of death, especially in the vast rural areas, this situation is more common.

According to CNN reports, in addition to the shortage of ICU beds in Mumbai and New Delhi, they also face a lack of oxygen and remdesivir injections. It is reported that in New Delhi, one out of every six people undergoing nucleic acid testing is now diagnosed. Due to the large number of patients and the shortage of medical resources, a local hospital even shared a bed for two COVID-19 patients. On the 11th local time, India has ordered a ban on the export of remdesivir, a drug used to treat COVID-19 pneumonia.

In a crisis, Indian Prime Minister Modi urgently called on people to get vaccinated. He wrote in a tweet: “Vaccination is one of the few ways we can fight the virus. If you meet the conditions, please get vaccinated as soon as possible.”

The Indian government is also racking its brains to expand vaccination. India announced on the 13th that it will approve the use of all COVID-19 vaccines urgently authorized by the World Health Organization or the regulatory agencies of the United States, Europe, the United Kingdom and Japan to expand the scope of vaccinations as much as possible.

Although India has the world's largest vaccine manufacturer, the Indian Serum Institute, and the vaccines originally scheduled for export in recent weeks have been transferred to the country, in the face of a new round of epidemic, there is still a "vaccine shortage". In addition, the cause of this dilemma is also related to the U.S. export ban involving COVID-19 vaccine raw materials. Adal Punawala, CEO of the Serum Institute of India, publicly called on Biden to ask the U.S. to lift the export ban. As of April 16, India has completed approximately 117 million doses of vaccination.

This situation will also affect the progress of global epidemic prevention. India, as a "global pharmacy", is one of the major vaccine producers. The surge in domestic demand has naturally delayed the supply of support for the United Nations "COVID-19 Pneumonia Vaccine Implementation Plan".

At the same time, the Indian capital New Delhi, the financial center Mumbai, the famous tourist city Jaipur... a series of large and medium-sized cities that are deeply in the crisis of the epidemic have announced their "closures." New Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal said: "If we do not implement the blockade now, we will witness an even greater disaster."

Some anti-epidemic experts in India have advised the government to implement nationwide blockade measures again. The nationwide blockade that India suddenly implemented in March 2020 caused millions of migrant workers to return home from the city on foot, and the tragedy of more than a dozen migrant workers who returned home on foot were hit and killed by a train. There are also concerns that the renewed national blockade may trigger a new round of humanitarian crisis. In addition, considering some of the new features in this round of epidemics (a larger proportion of asymptomatic infections and young patients, and a higher transmission efficiency of mutant viruses), these Workers may pose a greater risk of transmission during and after returning home. After all, medical facilities in rural areas are weaker.

According to research data from the Pew Research Center, a US think tank, the poor in India will be the group most affected by the epidemic in 2020. In this year, India’s poor population increased by 75 million, accounting for 60% of the global increase in poverty. This result completely reversed India’s achievements in poverty eradication over the past decade. Now that this round of epidemic is more dangerous than last year, the situation of the people at the bottom needs special attention.

Epidemiologists in India said that models based on official data show that this round of the epidemic may not reach its peak until the end of May. However, just as no one could predict the sudden deterioration of the epidemic in India to such a degree before, there are too many uncertain factors, the epidemic may change at any time, and everything is still unknown...[Gravimetric blender]