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British plastic packaging tax: less than 30% of recycled materials are taxable


source:[Gravimetric blender]   release time:2021-03-06 14:29:54





On November 12, 2020, the British Taxation and Customs issued a draft legislation on plastic packaging tax. This new tax applies to plastic packaging produced in the UK or imported into the UK. The plastic packaging must contain at least 30% recycled plastic. And it has been enacted in the 2021 "Financial Act" and will be implemented on April 1, 2022.
   The British Tax and Customs said that this new tax is to stimulate the improvement of the recycling and collection levels of plastic waste, and to transfer it from landfills or incineration.
  Plastic packaging tax main content:

  1. The tax rate for recycled plastic packaging less than 30% is £200 per ton;

  2. Enterprises that produce and/or import less than 10 tons of plastic packaging within 12 months will be exempted;

  3. Determine the tax scope by defining the types of taxable products and the content that can be recycled;

  4. Exemption for producers and importers of a small amount of plastic packaging;

   5. Who is responsible for paying taxes needs to be registered with HMRC;

   6. How to collect, recover and enforce taxes.

   The tax will not be charged for plastic packaging in the following situations:

  1, 30% or more recycled plastic content;

  2. Made of a variety of materials, the weight of plastic is not the heaviest by weight;

  3. Production or import of human drugs for direct packaging license;

  4. Used as transport packaging to import products to the UK;

   5. Export, filled or unfilled, unless it is used as a transport package to export the product to the UK.

  Who is responsible for paying taxes?

   British plastic packaging manufacturers, plastic packaging importers, commercial customers of plastic packaging manufacturers and importers, and consumers who buy plastic packaging products in the UK.

   Producers and importers of small amounts of plastic packaging will receive tax exemptions to reduce the administrative burden that is disproportionate to the tax payable.

   What kind of plastic packaging is included?

  Plastic packaging tax refers to plastic packaging based on weight. Plastic packaging tax does not apply to plastic packaging that contains at least 30% recycled plastic, or packaging that is not primarily plastic in weight. Imported plastic packaging is taxable regardless of whether the packaging is full or underfilled.

  How to reduce or exempt export tax?

  Plastic packaging tax will affect British plastic packaging manufacturers, plastic packaging importers, commercial customers of plastic packaging manufacturers and importers, and consumers who purchase plastic packaging products in the UK. However, manufacturers and importers of small amounts of plastic packaging will be exempted.

  Observation Jun’s point of view:

  As packaging accounts for an increasing proportion of global plastics, as well as consumers’ awareness of environmental protection, consumers demand sustainable changes from companies. Compared with traditional plastics, recycled plastics have great environmental advantages. Taking polyester as an example, the energy demand of recycled polyester is less than 2/3 of that of the original, and it reduces 2/3 of sulfur dioxide and 1/2 of nitrogen dioxide. The amount has also been reduced by 10 times, and there is no need to landfill the virgin plastic. The British government encourages companies to use recycled plastics in packaging, which can save energy and reduce costs.

   Mandatory use of recycled plastics is an important measure to solve plastic pollution. The core of the plastic pollution problem is the problem of plastic leakage. Recycled plastic cannot be used compulsorily, which is the sixth reason for plastic leakage.

  In order to solve the plastic leakage, CPRRA/CSPA launched the technology and policy strategy to solve the plastic leakage 2.0. Tomorrow, we will fully elaborate, including the 9 major reasons for the plastic leakage, and the technology and policy solutions to solve the plastic leakage. Please pay attention!

   Europe needs to recycle more plastics by 2020:

  According to the latest report issued by the European Plastics Recycling Alliance, if the EU’s strategic goals on plastic recycling are to be achieved, European recyclers need to recycle at least 15 million tons of waste plastics each year for the manufacture of recycled products. The EU's goal is to use 10 million tons of recycled plastic raw materials for the manufacture of new products every year by 2025. The European Plastics Recycling Alliance is committed to achieving European plastics strategic goals and other related goals through voluntary commitments. Its members include 245 participants in the plastics industry chain as public and private institutions.

   A report on the status of the waste plastic collection and sorting industry by the alliance stated that it is assumed that the current output rate is approximately 70% to calculate the total amount of waste plastic that needs to be collected. The estimated value of production comes from the monitoring of the waste plastic market capacity from 2016 to 2019. During this period, the total amount of waste plastics collected from the fields of construction products, packaging, agriculture, electronics and electrical appliances and automobiles was 21 million tons. Of these waste materials, approximately 9.2 million tons are classified as renewable raw materials and provided to recyclers around the world. 7.5 million tons went to recyclers in Europe, and these recyclers produced 5.2 million tons of recycled plastic, accounting for about 70% of the total input.
   The alliance currently plans to investigate the untapped and huge potential areas of waste sorting and recycling in Europe, and announce the results of this work in 2021. One of the reasons for the difference between the total amount of waste plastic collected and the final output is that certain wastes are not recyclable. In order to solve this problem, the alliance plans to improve the recyclable design of 19 priority products, and determine more types in 2021, and make changes to their designs to improve recyclability.
  The recyclability design of plastic products is also an important solution to solve plastic pollution. At the early stage of product design, fully consider the possibility of product recycling, the value of recycling, and the method of recycling, so as to achieve less resource and energy consumption in the process of production, circulation, recycling, and production, and produce plastic products that have little impact on the environment and human health. Wait.
   Europe, the United States and Japan have been implementing relevant specifications and standards for recyclability design for many years, but China has no relevant standards and specifications, and domestic companies have to face many difficulties and problems in the recycling process. At present, CPRRA and CSPA started the compilation of the "Plastic Recyclability Design Guidelines" series of standards on July 15, 2020, to reduce or even eliminate the use of unfriendly materials in the recycling process and promote the closed loop of plastics.
   "Interpretation of PET Recycling Design Guidelines and Soliciting Comments"
   "Design Guidelines for Recyclability of Flexible Packaging Standards"[Gravimetric blender]